Monday, April 24, 2017

Heavy precipitation speeds carbon exchange in tropics

New insight into how forests globally will respond to long-term climate change has been gained by recent research. The new work suggests that climate-change driven increases in rainfall in warm, wet forests are likely to cause increased plant growth. Plant-growth declines are still expected in cooler forests with increased precipitation.

from Geochemistry News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pZgE7X
via IFTTT

Researchers invent process to make sustainable rubber, plastics

Synthetic rubber and plastics -- used for manufacturing tires, toys and myriad other products -- are produced from butadiene, a molecule traditionally made from petroleum or natural gas. But those humanmade materials could get a lot greener soon, thanks to a team of scientists that has invented a process to make butadiene from renewable sources.

from Geochemistry News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pbunFW
via IFTTT

Researchers develop eco-friendly, 4-in-1 catalyst

Performing multiple reactions in one shot reduces raw material needs and byproduct waste, a potential step toward a greener chemical industry. Researchers have developed a nanocatalyst that can perform the four reactions needed to produce a compound potentially useful in a variety of pharmaceuticals.

from Geochemistry News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pYU5jZ
via IFTTT

West Virginia groundwater not affected by fracking, but surface water is

Three years of fracking has not contaminated groundwater in northwestern West Virginia, but accidental spills of wastewater from fracked wells may pose a threat to surface water, according to a new study. The scientists used a broad suite of geochemical and isotopic tracers to sample for contaminants in 112 water wells near shale gas sites, including 20 wells that were sampled both before and after fracking began.

from Geochemistry News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2oFyo4g
via IFTTT

Next-generation microscopy

A novel microscopy method allows unprecedented insights into the spatial organization and direct interactions of immune cells within blood and liquid multi-lineage tissues. The assay, called 'Pharmacoscopy,' is able to determine the immunomodulatory properties of drugs within large libraries on immune cells in high resolution and high throughput, enabling new possibilities for drug discovery, particularly in cancer immunotherapy, personalized medicine, and research on signaling pathways of the immune system.

from Geochemistry News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pYEkcD
via IFTTT

From abundant hydrocarbons to rare spin liquids

Fuel such as gasoline is made up of hydrocarbons -- a family of molecules consisting entirely of carbon and hydrogen. Pigment and dye, coal and tar are made up of hydrocarbons too. These common, abundant materials, sometimes even associated with waste, are not often thought of as being electronically or magnetically interesting. But now scientists have made a significant find.

from Geochemistry News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2pYw24m
via IFTTT

Freezing lithium batteries may make them safer, bendable

A new method that could lead to lithium batteries that are safer, have longer battery life, and are bendable has now been developed, providing new possibilities such as flexible smartphones. His new technique uses ice-templating to control the structure of the solid electrolyte for lithium batteries that are used in portable electronics, electric vehicles, and grid-level energy storage.

from Geochemistry News -- ScienceDaily http://ift.tt/2onCRwo
via IFTTT